The method of PNF began with the words "proprioceptive facilitation" and anaptychthike by Dr Herman Kabat and Maggie Knott in the early '40s. In 1954, Dorothy Voss added the word "neuromuscular" to give us the now known proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation - PNF).
The PNF method is the therapeutic method whose main idea is to improve the response of the neuromuscular mechanism with proper stimulation and outside themselves - receptors. The therapists in the PNF method based on neurophysiological principles accepted in early motor control and neuro-sequence and the principles of kinesiology and analysis of operational activities. The movement patterns selected times based on the functional capacity of patients with specific techniques of PNF gives the therapist the opportunity to direct therapeutic intervention to improve the kinetic behavior of the patient.
According to the philosophy of PNF, every person has energy reserves to be mobilized both in natural as in spiritual and psychological level.
The principles of treatment through the PNF determined by the findings of the evaluation of the patient and summarized below:
- retraining of functional activities (ADL's)
- improvement of sensorimotor function
- enhancing energy reserves of the patient
- improvement of neuromuscular and balance mechanism
- promotion stages of motor control depending on the capabilities of the patient
- reduction of abnormal traffic patterns
The PNF method can be applied to any malfunction of the neuromuscular mechanism in terms of neurological, orthopedic and trafmatiologika problems. Additionally, the PNF method is extremely useful in gynecology, geriatrics and pediatrics as well as in all cases where a therapeutic exercise treatment option.
(Savvas Mauromoustakos, Athanasios Adamidis Athen 2008)